The following are Library Resources that may require a username and password if you are accessing from off campus.
You can also access these databases through MyPoly by selecting "Library Resources" from the Resources panel.
Use CRAAP to evaluate your sources to determine if they are reliable and creible for your assignment. C.R.A.A.P. stands for:
Using Google (for academic research) is like drinking unfiltered water.
You can do it,
but do you really want to?
Library resources are “pre-filtered”
Scholarly articles are reviewed by experts in the field. Books are handpicked by Librarians and go through an editing process by the publisher. Even newspapers & magazines go through an editing process.
Google is completely “unfiltered”. Anyone can write anything and publish it online.
* Provided by: National Speech & Debate Association
There are four key components to an introduction: the attention getting device (AGD), common ground, thesis, and preview. For the sake of this speech, you’ll want to keep your introduction around 30 seconds (give or take).
Attention Getting Device
Start your speech off with a quotation, a short narrative, a mind blowing statistic—anything to wow your audience and grab their attention. Make sure your AGD is topical, though. You don’t want to start off your speech praising Ryan Gosling’s good looks when the subject is clean city water.
In order to be persuasive, you need to establish common ground with your audience. They need to feel directly connected to the problem. Think about what you have in common with your audience—their values, interests, shared experiences—which can relate back to your topic.
The thesis is simply your solution statement. Use it as a call to action for the audience. Example: “We need to find affordable and sustainable ways to produce clean water.”
This is the easiest piece of the introduction to write because, at its core, it’s the same for every speech. Give the audience a roadmap, or signposts, of the next three big points you’ll be discussing. In a persuasive speech, your signposts are typically the problems, causes, and solutions. Example: “Let’s first learn more about this pressing problem, next identify the causes of unclean water, and finally establish some solutions.”
You are now going to write the body of the speech, which consists of problems, causes, and solutions. The body is the meat and potatoes of your speech. For the purpose of this speech, the body should be about two minutes long. You should spend about 1 minute per point.
This is where you’ll describe the problem you chose to discuss. First, restate the problem. Next, you’ll need to give evidence supporting your claim. Use articles, journals, and statistics to assert your problem exists, is significant, and has harms associated with it. You could have a source for each of those areas (existence, significance, and harms) and make sure you articulate these ideas in a logical format.
Give a transition statement explaining to the audience you are now changing subjects. Example: “Now that we understand the problem, let’s take a look at the causes.”
Start off with a statement of the causes (there are usually more than one) of the problems. Don’t forget to use evidence! End this section with a statement as to why the status quo (how things are now) won’t solve the problem. Transition Give a transition statement explaining to the audience you are now changing subjects. Example: “Now that we understand the causes, let’s take a look at the solutions.”
State your solution. (This should be a restatement of the thesis). Then explain in detail how your solution will work. Ask yourself, how will my solution be implemented? How will it be executed?
The conclusion is about 30 seconds long. Wrap up the speech by summarizing the problem and solution. Next, restate your thesis. Last, give a final statement. This is the last thing your audience will hear—so make sure it’s good! And that’s it! You’re done. You’ve written a persuasive speech! Pretty simple, right?
Anatomy of a 5-minute speech:
Opening: 30 seconds - 1 minute
Body: (3 points/evidence) 1 minute each
Closing: 30 seconds - 1 minute
Tips for Good Practice
Last Minute Thoughts
Remember! You are trying to convince the audience!